Root canal treatment with microscope
The dental pulp, crossed by blood vessels and nerves, can be found inside the tooth, under the enamel and the dentine. If the pulp is infected and begins to die (for example due to caries), the removal of the bacteria and the dead tissues is required and the cavity must be perfectly filled. This process is called root canal treatment and filling. The root canal can be very narrow, even 0,08 mm so it is not discernible to the naked eye. We locate these root canals with the help of a microscope able to magnify them up to 40 times their original size which contributes considerably to the success of the treatment. The use of microscopes in root canal treatment can have the following advantages:
- Thanks to the magnification, less intact tissues will be removed and the risk of tooth fracture will be lower.
- In case of anatomical variations we can find additional root canals which are not discernible to the naked eye.
- In case of root canal filling problems, the old and infected filling can be removed under greater visual control.
- The dentist can visualize the whole root canal and can better verify the treated surfaces.
- It is easier to remove accidental broken pieces of tools jammed in the root canal.
- Micro cracks are discernible as well.
- Perforations can be closed.
The process of root canal treatment with the help of a microscope
- X-ray and in some cases 3D Scan in order to map the root canal network
- Local anaesthesia
- Pose of a rubber dam which isolates the treated tooth and prevents bacteria of the saliva entering in contact with the tooth.
- Localisation, cleaning and opening of root canals, medication if necessary
- Verification of root canals’ length with the help of electronic devices
- Filling of the root canal
- If necessary, installation of a prosthesis, onlay or crown